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Merit RADb Tutorials

Query Options


There are two different sets of query flags that can be used to 
query the RADB. whois.radb.net supports queries with both types of
flags.

! RADB Query Flags
- RIPE Query Flags 

In any one query you cannot combine a RIPE flag with a RADB flag.  

If you plan on making a large number of queries please invoke a
persistent tcp/ip session. This is done by telneting directly to 
whois.radb.net and issuing the !! command. This will spare our 
server having to establish and teardown connections for every 
query.

	Example:  
		[darkstar ~]$ telnet whois.radb.net 43
		Trying 198.108.0.18...
		Connected to whois.radb.net.
		Escape character is '^]'.
		!!
		192.168.0.0/16
		%  No entries found for the selected source(s).
		198.108.62.0
		route:        198.108.0.0/16
		descr:        MERIT Network Inc.
		descr:        4251 Plymouth Rd
		descr:        Ann Arbor
		descr:        MI 48105-2785, USA
		origin:       AS237
		mnt-by:       MAINT-AS237
		changed:      har@merit.edu 20001115
		source:       SAVVIS
		q
		Connection closed by forExample host.
		[darkstar ~]$ 

IRRd specific commands:

!g  	  	Get routes with specified origin.
			Example: 
			% whois -h whois.radb.net '\!gas237'

!6   		Get IPv6 routes with specified origin. e.g., !6as1234. This is the
       		IPv6 equivalent of the '!g' command.

!i  	  	Return members of an as-set or route-set. Optionally,
    	  	recursively expand members of all sets within the named set.
    	  		!iAS-ESNETEU  	 # non-recursive, don't expand
                        	         # any embedded as-set's
    	  		!iAS-ESNETEU,1   # expand any embedded as-set's
    	  		!iRS-FOOBAR,1    # recusive expansion of a route-set

!j  	  	performs distributed checks on database synchronization.
    	  	This command makes it possible to view the mirror status
    	  	(oldest journal number, CURRENTSERIAL) for a database.
    	  	If a : is present after the range, the database was last
    	  	exported at that serial number.    For example:
    	  	!jRADB,RIPE,,
    	  	!j-*                # Show all databases
    	  	Output:
    	  	A
    	  	RADB:Y:1000-2000
    	  	VERIO:Y:3500-4500:4000
    	  	RIPE:N:0-666
    	  	FOO:X:
    	  	BAR:X:
    	  	C
    	  	Y means that the database is mirrorable.
    	  	N means that the database is not mirrorable, but the
    	  	local IRRd server is reporting the current serial number.
    	  	You can use this option to check for updates. The first
    	  	number will _always_ be zero. The second number may be
    	  	zero if the CURRENTSERIAL file doesn't exist.
    	  	X means that the database doesn't exist, or the local
    	  	server is denying information about an existing database
    	  	for administrative reasons.
          	Returned databases are canonicalized to upper case.

!m  	  	Match an object of the specified type with the specified
          	key. Return immediately after first match.
          		Example, !maut-num,as701       #lookup aut-num object
          		Example, !mmntner,maint-as237  #lookup mntner object

!n        	Identify the tool for statistics/logging purposes.
          		Example, !nRoe

!o        	Display all objects maintained by a given mntner name.
          		Example, !oMAINT-AS237

!q        	Quit the IRRd session.
          		Example, !q

!r        	Perform route searches.
          	Default finds exact prefix/len match.
          	o - return origin of exact match(es)
          	l - one-level less specific
          	L - all less specific
          	M - all more specific
          		Example, !r141.211.128/24,l

!s        	Set the sources to the specified list.
          	Default is all sources.
          	Default search order is the order in which sources are
          	configured in the irrd-conf file.
          	Example, !sradb,ripe,savvis
          	lc - show the currently selected sources
          	Example, !s-lc

!v        	Provide the IRRd version number.
          		Example, !v
          
RIPE specific commands we support

-s              Set the sources to the specified list.
                	Example -s radb

-m              First level more specifics of a route object
                	Example: -m 65.88.176.0/20

-M              All level more specifics of a route object
                	Example: -M 65.88.176.0/20

-l              First level less spefics of a route object
                	Example -l 65.88.176.0/20

-L              All levels less specfics of a route object
                	Example -L 65.88.176.0/20

-i mnt-by       Find objects associated(mnt-by) a specified maintainer
               		Example -i mnt-by MAINT-AS237

-i origin       Find objects with a specified origin AS
                	Example: -i origin AS237

-t              Show the template for specified object type
                	Example: -t route

-k              Establish a persistent connection
			Like the !! command, this prevents the closure
			of the connection after the initial query

-K              Return only primary key for specified object
                	Example: -K MAINT-AS237

-T              Return only objects of specified type
                	Example:  -T route 65.88.176.0/20

-g              for mirroring purposes






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